After the U.S. got involved in the Second World War, Alston began working for the Office of War Information. His main job was to create posters and illustrations that were meant to boost wartime morale. His illustrations were also placed in black newspapers in order to urge black Americans to support the war effort.
They Also Serve! No. II highlights the way in which the government urged people at home to support the war. With the young men off fighting abroad, women and other minorities were tasked to take their place in order to continue production at home, while also producing for allies. Alston's illustration not only highlights the work that people were encouraged to take part in, but also highlights the importance of everyone taking part, which includes women and women of color.