Key time periods in the history of illustration.
Early humans used symbols, ideograms, and drawings to record their world and to aid in the practice of ritual.
Farming and trade in Egypt and Mesopotamia form large competing cultures.
Art and illustration of the Mediterranean and Aegean civilizations.
After the fall of the Western Roman Empire, Europe sank into a 700 year period of instability and then began a gradual recovery that led to the Renaissance.
The Renaissance brings a division between fine art and craft.
Illustrations in prints and books reflect society.
Illustration at the time of the Industrial Revolution becomes a more common part of the printed materials that are seen daily.
Social and political illustration reaches the public through satirical prints, newspapers and journals. Illustrated novels become more common as does fiction intended for children.
Illustrated children's literature and illustrated magazines bring the beauty and pleasure of art into daily life.
Magazines extend their media dominance and take advantage of new color printing capabilities.
Full-color printing is adopted by all the major magazines, and book publishers produce novels and classic literature with illustrated plates.
New illustration stylizations join traditional ones to portray post-war American culture in the "Roaring Twenties."
The illustration profession in the 1930s was radically affected by the Great Depression and new forms of entertainment.
Illustrators depict war-time adventure and romance stories in magazines and use their talents to help support the war effort.
The decade of the 1950s is a bridge between pre- and post-war illustration and the new illustration styles of the 1960s.
Contemporary social and political issues dominate American culture and are reflected by the art of illustration as the post-war generation comes of age.
The 1970s were the beginning of a two-decade long "renaissance" in illustration.
The illustration profession changes as new communication technologies affect the ways that art and business are conducted.
Illustrators take up new digital tools and struggle in an economy adjusting to technological change.
Technological innovation opens up new opportunities for illustrators.